Automotive Repair Tool: What Are Considered As Such

When a car or any of its parts is damaged, it is just natural for an owner to take as much effort to ensure that it gets repaired at the soonest possible time. After all, a car is a necessity nowadays. It is a good thing that the mechanic of the modern day is finding it easier to do the job since many automotive tools are now available to provide assistance and make the process easier and faster. What does it take though to be considered an automotive repair tool?

There is actually a large variety of automotive tools needed by a mechanic to do a car repair. This is even made greater if a mechanic works in a shop that provides services for all kinds of vehicle. Some cars come with specialized parts and require specifically designed tools in order for the repair to be done. However, there are standard tools that every mechanic should know about and have in their tool kit in order to be effective in what they do for a living.

Here are some of the most essential automotive tools for car repair.

1. Screwdrivers – The main purpose of a screwdriver is to remove the screws that are important to keep the parts together and in place. There are different kinds of screwdrivers such as the Phillips head and star head drivers. They can come with either long or short shafts with the longer shafts allowing access to areas that are difficult to reach. It helps to have a complete set of screwdrivers on hand. After all, we never know when one might come in handy.

2. Socket heads – It is also necessary for a mechanic’s tool kit to include different socket sets. There is a variety of drive sizes, and one should be ready to deal with any of them. The usual sizes are ¼, ½ and 3/8 of an inch.

3. Wrenches – Another highly important automotive repair tool is the wrench and its many variations. A wrench is used for removing nuts and bolts. Having a complete set around is necessary since each one has a purpose it is best at. Brake line wrenches and fuel wrenches, for instance, are most helpful in working with fuel line nuts and brake bleeder valves while the torque wrench is most essential when tightening nuts and bolts to fit certain specifications.

4. An electric drill – It is also important to have a handheld electric drill around for cases involving wheel cylinders that need a reaming or factor sealed ball joints that have to be drilled out. Compared to chisels, electric drills make it faster and effortless to do the task. All cutting, grinding and drilling needs can be answered thoroughly and satisfactorily with a complete set of tools including hole saws, grinding wheels and drills

5. Wire cutters and pliers – Gripping and cutting tools are also a necessity in every mechanic’s day at work. These tools are essential for cutting purposes as well as for holding a strong grip on wires and the likes.

These are just some of the basic tools a mechanic should have on hand to make everything right with a customer’s vehicle. Each automotive repair tool has a specific purpose in the overall repair of a car, which is why each one is a must in every mechanic’s tool box at work.

C-NCAP Certification for the Chinese Automotive Industry

The constant media squabble over C-NCAP (China New Car Assessment Program) doesn’t annoy Mr Zhao Hang at all. As the Chief Director of China Automotive Technology Research Centre (CATARC), Zhao has paid a great deal of efforts to develop this program, a vehicle crash test known as “Chinese new car safety evaluation standard”. “Safety, environmental friendliness and energy saving, we need to have them all,” he said.

Big Brother of the automotive industry

CATARC was originally a research institute directly belonged to government departments, but now it has become a state-owned enterprise to make its own decisions. Apart from assisting in setting automotive industry policies, CATARC also conducts research in a few core automotive technologies, such as partnering with Tianjin FAW Xiali Motor, Hafei Automobile Group and Yunnan Hongta Group to develop alternative energy cars.

“For every aspect of China’s automotive industry, we all have a corresponding service institution. This includes pre-production tasks such as project establishment, factory site selection and factory construction planning, and production related processes such as auto products, standards, information, testing, certification, quality system establishment and staff training. We also get involved in market establishment, second-hand car market, automotive finance, car rental and vehicle scrap recycling,” said Zhao.

The C-NCAP

Although CATARC has such a wide-ranging function, most people currently are interested in its C-NCAP crash test. This controversial test was launched two years ago, and there have been many supporters as well as critics. Controversy is actually what Zhao has hoped for, and he even doesn’t mind posting negative media comments onto CATARC’s official website. The fact that many automotive companies are interested in C-NCAP and asking for trial tests, has demonstrated that C-NCAP results do have some market merit.

NCAP, or New Car Assessment Program, originated from the US in 1

970s, and it became further recognised in developed countries such as Japan, Europe and Australia in the 90s. a common feature of NCAP is that all the test cars have to be bought from the market, ie, assessable by ordinary consumers. It is an independent test for the benefit of consumers, without the intervention from automotive producers.

“The automotive industry in China is big, but few people really understand cars. Common criteria such as engine displacement, inside space and door numbers don’t really matter, what’s important is how safe when you are sitting in the car.” Zhao suggested that the creation of C-NCAP is to provide star ratings on safety, so that there can be a standard for consumers to choose cars. The chief purpose of conducting C-NCAP tests is to prompt vehicle producers to upgrade their technologies and improve car safety.

“C-NCAP is a new car assessment program, not just a new car SAFETY assessment program. We do have to go through crash tests initially, but then we add up other results to establish a systematic evaluation standard for new cars, including safety, displacement and oil consumption tests.” Zhao said that as China is a large energy user with insufficient energy supply, and for the environmental consideration as well, it is necessary to conduct displacement and oil consumption tests in the Program.

Industry recognition

C-NCAP can become a guideline for Chinese automotive manufacturers, said Zhao. “Many manufacturers are now designing products for the next 5 or 10 years by referring to C-NCAP. For example, once fuel consumption limits of passenger cars are given, product designers have to follow these limits. In addition, C-NCAP’s analytical results, which are based on existing road and traffic accident statistics, will also serve for future standards setting, so this could also be guidance for manufacturers.”

A cooperative deal with PICC (People’s Insurance Company of China), China’s largest property insurer, was another successful initiative by CATARC. Last year, a vehicle safety crash test laboratory sponsored by PICC was opened, and PICC had also provided US$2 million to C-NCAP as crash test funds. For an independent assessment institution like CATARC, its cooperation partners have to be without vested interests, so the country’s number 1 insurer could be an ideal partner.

Despite being an incorporated entity, CATARC is not really run like a company, as many of its projects are non-for-profit in nature. At the same time it still has to pay for its own operating expenses. The government has set a limit on CATARC’s profits, whose excessive components have to be retained for future projects or public causes. So the cooperation with PICC did give CATARC some funding relief.

What kind of vehicle certification system does China need?

Zhao said that there are significant differences between China’s certification system and those internationally, in terms of methodologies and organisational management. “China has not yet had a truly formal certification system. The existing rules can only be called ‘access system’, which only determines whether a particular car model is allowed to enter the market. While in developed countries, government certifications are built around the three major criteria, namely safety, environmental friendliness and energy saving.”

Take the example of safety. China has more than 100,000 traffic death tolls and about 1 million injuries. There are only about 200 Chinese cities with more than 1 million population each, so the casualty number is equivalent to eliminating a medium Chinese city every year. Therefore it is an urgent task for regulators to solve vehicle safety problems and improve auto product qualities.

CATARC plans and drafts national vehicle standards in China. Zhao suggested that China do have good and enough standards, but not enough when it comes to execution. And there are rules to follow, but not followed strictly. “Market competition cannot be in the absence of monitoring. Low price competition has now become a major problem in China’s automotive industry, as many manufacturers try to reduce costs by jerry-building. Such vicious competition is harmful to the industry. Many vehicle models can pass quality certification when they are in the factory, but not the case when they go to the outside market. If a certified product is not the one sold to consumers, what’s the use of certification?” said Zhao.

“Therefore, it is not enough for the automotive industry to just have an access system, and too many certification programs will not be helpful, either. We need to strictly monitor basic aspects, such as vehicle safety, environmental friendliness and energy saving, but leave other tasks to the market and consumers. This could be a really effective and realistic method for the industry,” Zhao concluded.

What You Need To Know About Tools For Automotive Repair

Using tools for automotive repair can be quite daunting if you are a beginner and do not know your way around a tool box. Thankfully, it is not that hard to get the hang of using them. There are many different types of tools that exist when it comes to repair and DIY, but there is a specialised set of tools that come into play when you are talking about automotive repair. You need to use automotive tools on cars only, or else you risk causing major damage to the vehicle itself.A list of automotive toolsThere are different tools for different exercises, namely the body and then under the hood. The focus here is on the tools that go under the hood.

Screwdrivers

Hex keys

Open end wrenches

Oil filter wrench

Ratchet driver

Cutting pliers

Torque wrench

Sockets

Extensions

Crescent wrench

PB blaster

Adjustable pliers

Breaker bar
This is a list of all of the basic tools that you will need in order to conduct repairs under the hood, or to service a vehicle.The first thing that you need to buy is a screwdriver. One with a four pointed star at the end is ideal. This will be useful for unscrewing parts of the car that are screwed together. In order to determine the size of the screwdriver, simply measure the screws. Hex keys, also commonly known as Allen keys, are small pieces of metal that have a hexagonal shape. These are also used for tightening parts in the vehicle. The classic open end wrench is the most commonly used tool in automotive repair. It is able to loosen all of the nuts and bolts that are in the car. You will need varying sizes per vehicle. If the oil needs to be changed, the best thing to do is to use your oil filter wrench, as any other wrench will simply cause damage to the filter. Your ratchet wrench is your most useful tool, as it is adjustable and has got the ability to fit into many sockets – so you need this tool in your toolbox for sure. If you want to tackle wiring, you will need to have some pliers on hand that can also be adjusted.

So, there you have the basic breakdown of what you need to know when it comes to tools for automotive repairs. Before you go ahead with a vehicle repair, just remember that you need to have all of the tools mentioned above.

How To Save Money On Car Insurance For Young Drivers? Read To Know

The cost of car insurance policy is determined by many factors typically examined by insurance companies online such as driver’s age, the location where he mostly drives a car on, the make and model of car, driver’s driving experience, etc. Insurance companies take into considerations these factors to figure out if driver will be a high risk. Usually, young drivers are considered risky as they are less likely to have good driving experience and skills. This is why it is challenging to qualify for cheap car insurance for young drivers. But, the interesting thing is that today many online insurance companies specialize in offering various discounts which you can earn to reduce your insurance cost or simply get cheap car insurance for young drivers. Before applying for insurance policy, it is advisable to get some knowledge about the same.

If you install security or safety devices in your car, you are less likely to get injured or your vehicle is less likely to get easily stolen or damaged. Many online insurance companies offer discounts for the same. Moreover, if you want to save money, you should think of joining a recognized driving course. This will improve your driving experience as well as skills and also could get you one more discount. One more way to get best affordable auto insurance is to drive less. If you drive less, the possibilities of accidents or similar circumstances leading to insurance claims will get reduced. Some insurance providers also offer discounts to students who score good grades. Besides, your driving location also affects insurance cost. Even make and model of car will affect what you will pay for insurance policy. Some vehicles are expensive to be insured while other cars are not too expensive.

Thus there are many aspects which you should work on to save money. But, most importantly, you need to locate insurance company which offers the most affordable auto insurance rate and also multiple discounts. One of the easiest ways to locate best insurance company in your local area which is willing to provide affordable car insurance with many discounts is to take free professional assistance of a reputable online car insurance service. These services which are closely connected with a huge online network of insurance providers that offer cheapest car insurance quotes will help you to get easy and quick access to best insurer.

The risk factor associated with you will affect your insurance cost significantly. So, it could be advisable to see if you can reduce the risk taken by insurance company by following some expert guidelines and improve your eligibility for affordable auto insurance rate. Get assisted by experienced car finance specialist to know what these guidelines are and how to get cheap car insurance for young drivers.

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